Knitting FaultsKnitting Faults

Knitting Faults: Common Issues, Causes, and Effective Remedies

 Knitting faults

Different faults are produced in the knitted fabric. They are produced various causes from various points of machine, Needle, Yarn etc. The knitting faults name, their causes and possible remedies ways are given below-

Common Knitting Faults List

1. Dropped Stitches

2. Yarn Breaks

3. Tension Issues

4. Missed Loops

5. Fabric Press-Off

6. Needle Line

7. Oil Stains

8. Thick and Thin Places

9. Barre Effect

10. Splice Marks

11. Snarling

12. Fly and Lint Contamination

13. Fabric Distortion

14. Color Fading and Bleeding

15. Puckering

Table: Knitting faults

Knitting faults, causes & Remedies
Faults NameCausesRemedies
PattaYarn fault, cone mix, lot mix or Wrong set of yarn.Yarn rearranged or changed.
HoleYarn irregularities, Tightness, Slub, Faulty yarnProperly yarn feeder.
LoopsNeedle problemNeedle have to be changed.
Needle markNeedle damage, Cylinder cut jam or dirty.Needle should be checked properly.
Sinker markSinker damage or dirty.Choose the sinker correctly and set properly
Oil markGroup or cut oily.Machine should be kept neat and clean
Pin holeUneven tension, Latch damage.Choose proper tension.
Thick & thin placeYarn fault, Yarn contamination.Remove faulty yarn.
Yarn contaminationFaults yarn process or prepared.Remove faulty yarn.
Drop stitchStitch formation problemRemove the faulty needle.
GSM holeFor fabric cut.
Lycra outIf lycra is not present.Supply the Lycra properly.

Detailed Analysis of Knitting Faults, Their Causes, and Remedies

  1. Dropped Stitches


  • Damaged or worn needles
  • Incorrect needle alignment
  • Insufficient yarn tension


  • Regularly inspect and replace damaged needles
  • Ensure proper needle alignment and check the needle bed frequently
  • Adjust yarn tension and ensure it is consistent throughout the knitting process
  1. Yarn Breaks


  • Poor quality or weak yarn
  • High knitting speed causing excessive stress on the yarn
  • Inadequate yarn tension


  • Use high-quality yarns with appropriate strength
  • Reduce the knitting machine speed to decrease stress on the yarn
  • Monitor and adjust yarn tension to ensure it is not too tight
  1. Tension Issues


  • Inconsistent yarn supply
  • Incorrect machine settings
  • Variation in yarn thickness


  • Ensure a consistent yarn supply by using tension regulators
  • Calibrate machine settings according to the yarn specifications
  • Use yarns with uniform thickness and quality
  1. Missed Loops


  • Faulty needles or needle misalignment
  • Improper yarn feeding
  • Incorrect stitch settings


  • Replace or realign faulty needles
  • Ensure proper yarn feeding mechanisms are in place
  • Adjust stitch settings according to the fabric requirements
  1. Fabric Press-Off


  • Excessive yarn tension
  • Incorrect needle selection
  • Machine speed too high


  • Reduce yarn tension to an appropriate level
  • Ensure correct needle selection for the fabric type
  • Decrease machine speed to prevent press-off
  1. Needle Line


  • Bent or damaged needles
  • Inconsistent needle spacing
  • Improper machine maintenance


  • Regularly check and replace bent or damaged needles
  • Ensure even needle spacing and alignment
  • Maintain the machine regularly to prevent mechanical issues
  1. Oil Stains


  • Excessive or improper application of lubricating oil
  • Machine parts not properly cleaned
  • Oil leakage from machine components


  • Apply lubricating oil sparingly and correctly
  • Clean machine parts regularly to prevent oil buildup
  • Fix any oil leaks promptly and ensure proper sealing of machine components

Knitting Faux Pas: A Rogues Gallery

Let’s take a look at some of the most common knitting mistakes:

  • Uneven Tension: This culprit can manifest as stitches that appear loose or tight, creating a wavy or bumpy fabric.
  • Dropped Stitches: These little gaps happen when a stitch unintentionally slips off the needle.
  • Holes: Caused by dropped stitches not caught in time or yarn breaks during knitting.
  • Laddering: Yarn slipping between stitches creates unsightly vertical lines.
  • Yarn Mishaps: Knots, slubs, or uneven yarn can lead to inconsistencies in the fabric.

Diagnosing the Problem

Now that we know the suspects, let’s identify the culprits:

  • Uneven Tension: This can be caused by knitting too tightly or loosely, using needles that are too big or small for the yarn, or simply having inconsistent tension throughout your knitting.
  • Dropped Stitches: These can occur due to distractions, aggressive knitting, or catching the yarn on something.
  • Holes: The usual suspects are dropped stitches not fixed in time or yarn breaks that haven’t been caught and woven back in.
  • Laddering: This often happens when working with bulky yarns or loose stitches.
  • Yarn Mishaps: These are simply flaws in the yarn itself, unavoidable but manageable.

The Knitting Fixer’s Toolkit

Fear not, for there’s a solution to every knitting woe! Here’s your troubleshooting guide:

  • Uneven Tension: Practice makes perfect! Focus on maintaining consistent tension throughout your knitting. Consider using a stitch counter to keep track of your rows and ensure evenness.
  • Dropped Stitches: Don’t panic! There are techniques to pick up dropped stitches depending on their location. A crochet hook can be your best friend here.
  • Holes: If you catch a dropped stitch early enough, you can simply ladder it back up with your yarn needle. For larger holes, weaving in the yarn ends or using a duplicate stitch technique can camouflage the imperfection.
  • Laddering: Pay attention to your tension and use smaller needles for thicker yarns. Techniques like twisted stitches can also help minimize laddering.
  • Yarn Mishaps: When encountering knots or slubs, try to work them into your seams or weave them in discreetly. If the flaw is significant, consider using a different section of yarn.

Preventive Measures

To minimize knitting faults, consider the following preventive measures:

  • Regular Maintenance: Perform regular maintenance on knitting machines to keep them in optimal working condition.
  • Quality Control: Implement stringent quality control measures to ensure the yarn and other materials meet required standards.
  • Training: Provide comprehensive training for machine operators to handle equipment correctly and identify potential issues early.
  • Environmental Control: Maintain an appropriate working environment, controlling factors like humidity and temperature to prevent adverse effects on the knitting process.


Remember, knitting is a journey, and mistakes are inevitable. By understanding common faults, their causes, and the handy fixes available, you’ll be well on your way to creating beautiful, flawless projects that showcase your knitting prowess!

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