Procedures in Finishing DepartmentProcedures in Finishing Department

Step By Step Procedures Involved in Finishing Department in Apparel Industry

The journey of a garment from concept to completion is a fascinating one. But often overlooked is the final stage: the finishing department. Here, magic happens – garments come alive, transformed from raw seams to crisp, polished pieces ready for your wardrobe. Lets discuss more about Procedures in Finishing Department.

Finishing Department in Apparel Industry:

Garment industry consists of different section. Every section is responsible for better production. Finishing is the final phase in garment production, and any errors committed along the process accumulate and become a major issue at this point. Beside, all of the finishing processes are done here. The term garments finishing mainly applies to pressing, folding, packing and cartooning of garments.

Procedures Involved in Finishing Department in Apparel Industry

Flowchart Overview

  1. Initial Inspection → Identify defects, measure, and check stitching.
  2. Thread Trimming → Remove excess threads manually or automatically.
  3. Stain Removal → Spot cleaning or washing as needed.
  4. Pressing and Ironing → Steam pressing or manual ironing.
  5. Garment Folding → Manual folding or machine folding.
  6. Button and Trim Attachment → Attach buttons and trims securely.
  7. Labeling → Attach and verify labels.
  8. Final Inspection → Conduct visual and functional checks.
  9. Packaging → Poly bagging, box packing, and tagging.
  10. Quality Control → Random sampling, assurance tests, and feedback.


Procedures Involved in Finishing Department in Apparel Industry:

1. Receiving garments from G.W.P (Garments Wet Processing)

  • Counting the received quantity in finishing.
  • Problems we are facing during this process are
    • We don’t know size-wise quantity at this stage.
    • Garments received from washing are not in an order.

2. Clipping/Trimming:

  • Extra threads protruding from the garment surface or seams are trimmed during this process.
  • Main problems we are facing in this department are
    • Improper trimming.
    • Damage of pieces due to untrained workers.
    • Garments provided to the workers are not in an order.
    • Employees wipe their faces, hands, and shoes after wearing soiled clothes.


3. First Quality Check:

  • It is the initial quality inspection stage following the garment’s manufacture.
  • Only trimming and basic garment structure are examined.
  • If alright, send attachments; otherwise, rework or rejection.
  • Attachments are completed after quality checks, resulting in one quality checkpoint missing before packing.

4. Attachments:

  • Trims like as buttons, rivets, hooks and bars, patch labels, and draw chords are added after washing.
  •  Attachments should be placed before clipping and first quality, as long threads can cause packing issues.
  • Use proper marking colors and pencils to avoid obvious marks on eyelets or waistbands.

5. Pressing Section:

  • Garments are pressed/ironed to meet customer specifications for a good appearance.
  •  It promotes proper garment folding.
  • Proper pressing improves the appearance of garments.

6. Final Quality:

  • It is the final quality check point.
  • All aspects of the garment, including construction, specifications, trimming, and pressing, are thoroughly examined.
  • Presentation of the garment is also focused.
  • Final quality check should be after the attachment of all accessories of a garment so that everything of a garment can be checked before garments being packed.
  • OK garments are sent to packing.
  •  Garments that can be reworked or repaired are sent to the rework/alteration department.
  • Garments having major faults are rejected.

7. Receiving in Packing:

  • Packing receives OK garments from final quality and counts it.
  • Sensor labels are attached.
  • Size-wise distribution of garments and counting the size-wise qty.
  • Tagging with Dennison then tagging with tag guns.
  • Every operation which requires needle or any metallic thing is done till this opera ion.

8. Metal Detection:

  • All the garments are passed through metal detection machine to ensure that not any garment having needle or fragment of needle is packed in the cartons.
  • All the needle work must be finished before this process because after this process garments are sent to needle free zone.

9. Packing:

  •  After metal detection, clothing are hung on hangers and sizers are applied.
  • Then garments are folded and packed in polythene bags and pre-pack numbers according to the sizes are pasted on the front side of the bags.
  • Garments are packed in cartons ratio-wise or size-wise.

10. External Audit:

  • External auditor is called for audit.
  • He selects the cartons randomly.
  • Then checks the garments completely in selected cartons.
  • If he approves that garments are OK for shipment then arrangements for shipment.
  • Otherwise garments are re-screened or re-checked.

Procedures Involved in the Finishing Department in the Apparel Industry

The finishing department in the apparel industry plays a crucial role in transforming raw garments into finished products ready for distribution and sale. This department ensures that each piece meets quality standards and is aesthetically pleasing, providing the final touches that make garments market-ready. Here is an in-depth look at the procedures involved in the finishing department.

Detailed Procedures Involved in Finishing Department in Apparel Industry:

1. Inspection

Purpose: To identify and rectify defects before the garments proceed to the next stages of finishing.


  • Initial Inspection: Garments are checked for any manufacturing defects such as loose threads, missing buttons, or fabric flaws.
  • Measurement Check: Ensure that the garments conform to the specified measurements and size standards.
  • Stitching Quality: Inspect the quality and consistency of stitching to prevent unraveling or weak seams.

2. Thread Trimming

Purpose: To remove excess threads that can detract from the garment’s appearance and quality.


  • Manual Trimming: Workers use scissors or trimmers to cut off loose threads.
  • Automated Trimming: In some advanced facilities, machines equipped with sensors and blades trim threads automatically.

3. Stain Removal

Purpose: To ensure garments are free from stains, marks, or any discoloration that can occur during production.


  • Spot Cleaning: Using solvents, detergents, or spot cleaning equipment to remove stains manually.
  • Washing: For larger or more persistent stains, garments may be sent through washing machines.

4. Pressing and Ironing

Purpose: To remove wrinkles and give garments a crisp, polished look.


  • Steam Pressing: Garments are placed on a steam press machine to remove wrinkles.
  • Manual Ironing: Workers use industrial irons to press areas that require special attention or are not accessible by machines.

5. Garment Folding

Purpose: To prepare garments for packaging by folding them in a standardized manner.


  • Manual Folding: Workers fold each garment according to the brand’s specifications.
  • Folding Machines: Automated folding machines can fold garments consistently and efficiently, especially in large-scale operations.

6. Button and Trim Attachment

Purpose: To ensure all fasteners, buttons, and decorative trims are securely attached.


  • Button Sewing: Attach buttons using button-sewing machines or manually, ensuring they are securely fastened.
  • Trim Attachment: Sew or glue any additional trims or accessories onto the garments as required.

7. Labeling

Purpose: To provide essential information about the garment, such as size, care instructions, and brand identity.


  • Label Attachment: Sew or heat press labels onto the inside of garments.
  • Quality Check: Ensure labels are correctly placed and legible.

8. Final Inspection

Purpose: To conduct a thorough check before packaging to ensure all finishing processes meet quality standards.


  • Visual Inspection: Check for any remaining defects, inconsistencies, or irregularities.
  • Functional Test: Verify that zippers, buttons, and other fasteners work correctly.

9. Packaging

Purpose: To protect garments during transit and provide an attractive presentation for consumers.


  • Poly Bagging: Place folded garments into poly bags for protection.
  • Box Packing: Pack the bagged garments into cartons or boxes, often grouped by size, color, or style.
  • Tagging: Attach hang tags with barcodes or price tags as required.

10. Quality Control

Purpose: To ensure the entire batch of finished garments meets the brand’s quality standards.


  • Random Sampling: Select random samples from each batch for detailed inspection.
  • Quality Assurance Tests: Perform various tests (e.g., colorfastness, strength) to ensure compliance with quality standards.
  • Feedback Loop: Document any defects and provide feedback to the production team to prevent future issues.

Importance of Finishing department in garments

The finishing department in the apparel industry plays a crucial role in ensuring garments are market-ready and meet high-quality standards. The following table highlights the various aspects of the finishing department’s importance.

Quality AssuranceDefect Identification and Correction: Ensures garments meet brand quality standards by identifying and fixing defects.
Consistency: Maintains consistent quality across all garments.
Enhanced Aesthetic AppealPressing and Ironing: Removes wrinkles, giving garments a crisp, polished appearance.
Trimming and Cleaning: Removes loose threads and stains for a neat, pristine look.
Brand Reputation and Customer SatisfactionHigh-Quality Products: Upholds brand reputation by ensuring high-quality garments.
Attention to Detail: Demonstrates commitment to quality, leading to positive word-of-mouth and repeat business.
Functional PerformanceAttachment of Fasteners: Ensures buttons, zippers, and other fasteners are securely attached, guaranteeing functionality and durability.
Labeling and Information: Provides essential care instructions for maintaining garments.
Market ReadinessPackaging: Protects garments during transit and enhances in-store presentation.
Final Inspection: Ensures only the best products reach the market, reducing returns and complaints.
Efficient Workflow and Cost ManagementIdentifying Production Issues: Prevents faulty garments from reaching the market, saving costs.
Improving Productivity: Streamlines workflow for efficient, timely finishing of garments.
Adaptability to Market TrendsCustomization and Flexibility: Adapts to market trends with new styles and finishes.
Innovation in Techniques: Differentiates products with unique selling points.


The finishing department is essential in the apparel industry, as it ensures that garments are perfected before reaching the market. Each step, from inspection to packaging, contributes to the overall quality and presentation of the final product. By maintaining stringent standards and efficient processes, the finishing department helps uphold the brand’s reputation and customer satisfaction.

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